Nunavik Cost-of-Living Reduction Measures
The KRG administers six innovative measures to help mitigate the effects of the high cost of living on Nunavimmiut. The measures are:
Under the Agreement on the Financing of Measures to Reduce the Cost of Living in Nunavik, the Québec government committed in 2019 to pay $115.8 million over six years. The funds will go towards a series of measures to reduce the cost of living for residents in Nunavik.
The Nunavik Cost-of-Living Reduction Measures are intended to target assistance to the most disadvantaged and to promote healthy lifestyles that take into account Inuit traditions and culture. The measures and their criteria are determined jointly by the Makivik Corporation and the KRG. The criteria applicable to the measures are subject to modification or cancellation at any time. The KRG is responsible for administering the implementation of the measures. Simple and effective reporting procedures to assess the impact of the measures ensure that expenditures are in line with available funding.
Under the Agreement on the Financing of Measures to Reduce the Cost of Living in Nunavik, the Makivik Corporation, the KRG and the Québec government also agreed to generate hard data on the cost of living in Nunavik through in-depth analysis of the consumer patterns of Inuit households with a view to developing a comparative cost of living index. A two-year study carried out by the Canada Research Chair in Comparative Aboriginal Conditions at Université Laval showed that the cost-of-living index between Nunavik and Quebec City demonstrated that, overall, the cost of living is substantially higher in Nunavik.
On completion of the study the Makivik Corporation, the KRG and the Québec government undertook discussions to define effective and long-lasting solutions to the cost-of-living in Nunavik.