Park Development and Operations
In 2002, the KRG, Makivik and the Québec government signed the Partnership Agreement on Economic and Community Development in Nunavik (Sanarrutik Agreement). One of the Agreement’s objectives is to support the development of the tourism industry by creating national parks. For its part, the Sivunirmut Agreement, which came into force in 2004, specifically defines the parks planning and management roles of the KRG in cooperation with the MDDEFP, as well as with local communities.
Pursuant to the Sivunirmut Agreement and related provincial legislation, the development of each park involves certain major phases. First, the KRG is responsible for gathering information concerning the physical, biological and human contexts in the study area and compiling this information in a status report. The status report is used by the MDDEFP to prepare a provisional master plan, and by the KRG to conduct an environmental and social impact study. Pursuant to the Parks Act, the MDDEFP then holds public hearings before making an official recommendation to the Québec government concerning the park’s creation. Each park project is also subject to the environmental and social impact assessment and review procedure contemplated in Section 23 of the JBNQA and the Environment Quality Act.
When a new park is created, the KRG is transferred responsibility for its management through the Sivunirmut Agreement, including the preparation of operational plans, staffing and infrastructure. A separate specific agreement is also signed between the KRG and the MDDEFP conferring to the KRG, pursuant to section 6 of the Parks Act, the power and funding to do development, capital and maintenance work in the park.
On-going consultation and information sharing is an important component of park development and operations. For each park project, the KRG creates a working group made up of community, KRG, Makivik, and Québec-government representatives. With the creation of each park, a harmonization committee with varied community representation is established to deliver advice on the park’s operations. The Sivunirmut Agreement mandate also provides for a liaison committee of KRG and MDDEFP representatives to monitor the implementation of the KRG’s park development and management responsibilities.
For more information on the national parks and park projects in the region, including status reports, the Department operates the website www.nunavikparks.ca in Inuktitut, French and English.